My teaching philosophy is based on active learning, where the learning environment is shifted from teacher oriented to student oriented when appropriate. Many of the activities in the courses I have taught are inquiry-based.  In smaller sized courses, I require students to engage in independent projects in order to put into practice the use of the scientific method. I have developed a broad perspective for teaching students at different stages of their undergraduate careers. For example, I have taught ecology and avian biology to upper division students as well as introductory biology to lower division students. I have also collaborated with colleagues in teaching a short course in field ecology for Latin American students.