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I am interested in how communication signals between species, either intentional or unintentional, can explain why different species associate with one another.  How do different species benefit from using signals from other species? Do they benefit at all? What are the consequences of relying on communication from a different species in terms of the habitat a species uses?   These are some of the questions that I’m interested in understanding.   


One of the most valuable kinds of signals to any organism is one that provides information about predators.  As a consequence I’m also interested in how these signals influence species’ ability to make decisions regarding predation risk.  How do they collectively influence what species associate with one another?  Are there habitat consequences for assessing risk?  

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